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Eye Care: All You Need To Know About Myopia

by Caroline Cauchi, OD

Causes of Myopia

Nearsighted people have a refractive error, which causes light rays to focus at a point in front of the retina rather than directly on its surface. In most cases, this error occurs as a result of the eyeball being too long or the curvature of the cornea being extreme. Sometimes it can be a combination of both factors.

Myopia also runs in families, so there is reason to believe it is partly genetic. Children who have one parent with myopia have a higher risk developing the condition. This risk compounds if both parents are nearsighted.

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