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What Is Macular Degeneration?

by Caroline Cauchi, OD

Your local eye doctors in La Mesa CA discuss what is Macular Degeneration in part two of this blog series dedicated to 2017 National Macular Degeneration month.

What is Macular Degeneration (AMD)? 

Macular Degeneration is a disease that progressives destroys the cells of your retina that control your central vision. It is slow and progressive but rarely leads to total blindness. This eye disease comes in two forms; dry and wet. Dry AMD is the most common form of the two. In this case, the cells slowly die. In wet AMD, the oxygen supply to the retina is disrupted and the body tries to help by sending new blood vessels to the macula. The problem is these vessels are thin and break easily, causing hemorrhages.

What Effect Does AMD Have on Vision? 

At first, dry AMD causes a lack of sharpness but as it progresses, the central vision because very dim. If it progresses to wet AMD, the vision becomes wavy and distorted. The ability to drive and read becomes limited.

In the next part of this blog series, learn who is at risk and what you can do to prevent AMD. Your eye doctors suggest that you schedule an eye exam to determine if you may have macular degeneration.


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