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Amblyopia 101: Causes, Symptoms, and Management

by Jamie Peters

Your sense of sight is a product of intricate coordination between your brain and your eyes. If either of your eyes is unable to coordinate properly with your brain, you may develop a condition called amblyopia, which can compromise your vision even if you wear prescription contact lenses or eyeglasses.

Causes and Types of Amblyopia

Also known as “lazy eye,” amblyopia error has three general classifications based on the underlying cause: strabismic, refractive, and deprivation. Strabismic amblyopia occurs when the brain fails to recognize visual signals from the misaligned eye. Refractive amblyopia develops when your eyes have unequal refractive errors, which causes your brain to pay more attention to the stronger eye while the other eye slowly deteriorates from lack of use. Deprivation amblyopia occurs when an obstruction prevents light from entering your eyes, causing a delay in your visual development process.

Signs and Symptoms

Some common signs are frequent crossing or wandering of your eyes. You may also tend to squint or close one of your eyes to compensate for the sight difficulties. Head tilting, frequent headaches, or even poor overall vision may indicate lazy eyes too. Make sure to consult your eye care specialists immediately if you experience any of these symptoms.

Management

Regular eye exams can help detect amblyopia. We may ask you to perform some eye exercises to assess how well your eyes and brain work together. Treatment options include wearing an eye patch on the stronger eye for a certain period to train your brain to respond to the the lazy eye; applying atropine eye drops on the stronger eye to stimulate the development of the affected eye; and, in more severe cases, we may suggest performing corrective surgeries.Turn to us here at Vision Solutions for more information about amblyopia. In addition to lazy eye management, we also provide high-quality eyewear, premier glaucoma treatment, and more. Call us at (619) 461-4913 or complete our online contact form.

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