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Glaucoma 101: 6 Facts You Should Know

by Jamie Peters

Glaucoma is an eye disease characterized by increased intra-ocular pressure (IOP). Without prompt treatment, it may cause irreversible vision loss. In today’s post, your trusted eye care center, Vision Solutions, shares six key facts about this disease:

  1. Your eyes produce fluids to maintain your IOP at a healthy level. The fluids are drained through a mesh channel found in the angle between your iris and cornea.
  2. Structural infirmities or obstructions, however, may impede this draining process, leading to a dangerous increase in your IOP. This can compress your optic nerve, which carries signals from your eyes to your brain.
  3. Glaucoma is considered the second top cause of vision loss in the world. Left untreated, high IOP levels may damage your optic nerve, resulting in vision problems and putting you at a higher risk of complete vision loss.
  4. There are two types of glaucoma: open-angle, which develops when eye fluids accumulate even if the angle in between your cornea and iris is wide open, and angle-closure, which occurs when the trabecular meshwork develops structural irregularities that prevent it from effectively draining eye fluids.
  5. Glaucoma is often asymptomatic in the early stages. As the disease advances, you may experience blurry eyesight even while wearing contact lenses or eyeglasses. Having frequent headaches and seeing halos around lights are also common symptoms. Loss of peripheral visual access (tunnel vision) may occur later on as well.
  6. While there is no definitive cure for glaucoma, our treatment aims to relieve your discomfort and prevent the disease’s progression, preserving your vision and quality of life.

We may perform a screening visual field test to check your optic nerve for any signs of damage. We may also conduct a tonometry test to measure your IOP levels. If values are above 12-22 mm Hg, we may prescribe eye drops to lower your IOP. For more severe cases, we may suggest that you undergo surgery as part of your glaucoma treatment.

Call us today at (619) 461-4913 or complete our appointment request form to know more about our premier eye care services.

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